Plates and Panes

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test3 really blue

Upper Right Pane of early 14058 Sheet
(At least 60 full Hayes panes still exist)


358 million copies of the 11-cent Hayes stamp of 1922 (Scott 563) were printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing from 1922 to 1931. The stamp would mainly be used, with other denomination stamps, to make up postage rates for registered, special delivery, and parcel post mail.

The production of the stamp was performed on a flat plate printing press. Technical advances by 1922 resulted in a four-plate power press which when used with typical 400 subject plates, could produce approximately 4,000 sheets (impressions) or 1,600,000 stamps per day. Each sheet would be identified by the number of the plate from which it was printed.

Seven groups of Hayes plates, four plates to a group, went to press a total of 29 times during the ten years of production. One group would generally be used at the presses at a time. Occasionally when a group of plates became worn and were retired, their run would be continued by a run of a new group of plates.

The printed sheets would then go through gumming and perforating operations. A final operation would result in a sheet of 400 stamps (20×20) being slit into four panes of 100 stamps (10×10) each. The panes would be delivered to post offices for individual sale.


This site contains text, tables, illustrations, and actual examples of the plates (sheets and panes) and plate (sheet and pane) markings for the Hayes stamp. Included are the following subjects:

Click on page for subject

page…..Source of Stamp Design
page…..Hayes Die
page…..The Flat Press Plate
page…..The First Hayes Plate
page…..Press Plate I.D.s and History
page…..Plate Block Positions
page…..Siderographer and Plate Finisher Initials
page…..The Multiple ‘F’ Positions
page…..Wider Stamp Spacing
page…..Plate Crack Variety
page…..Signed Plate Blocks
page…..Hayes Imperf Error
page…..Plates: 14058 Group
page…..Plates: 15798 Group
page…..Plates: 16445 Group
page…..Plates: 17414 Group
page…..Plates: 17456 Group
page…..Plates: 17617 Group
page…..Plates: 19135 Group

Even though ink (color) is a significant aspect in the production of the Hayes stamp, it will be covered in great detail in another post. However, if you peruse through the pages of “Plates”, you will get a good appreciation of the color varieties of the Hayes stamp.

Final Comments

I hope you have enjoyed this look at the Hayes stamp and invite you to visit my other Hayes sites that are listed below. I would also like to hear from you if you are a Hayes devotee.

This post is also part of five related posts:

FDCs of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922

Die Proofs of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922

Plates and Panes of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922

Color Varieties of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922

Postal History of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922

Jerry Katz (12/05/2011)
Jerry A. Katz